Youth Ethnic and National Identity in Bosnia and by Danijela Majstorovic, Vladimir Turjacanin

By Danijela Majstorovic, Vladimir Turjacanin

Adolescence Ethnic and nationwide identification in Bosnia and Herzegovina is an interdisciplinary attempt to place and describe the contested nature of kingdom and ethnic identification between formative years in Bosnia and Herzegovina by means of delivering empirical, first-hand proof on identification constitution and the following implications for inter-group kin.

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Extra info for Youth Ethnic and National Identity in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Social Science Approaches

Sample text

The mass is in unfavorable position in the instance of secession, only the elite has new, improved perspectives due to the creation of new positions and reduced number of competitors. (Esbach, 2000: 102) Motivated by their personal interest in removing competition, the elites are often activists in national movements, with stable careers in intellectual and culture-related professions, and the nationalistic motif is a means of securing power that the members of the elite failed to achieve in a wider community (Ager, 2001: 37).

On the one hand, ethnicity as a socio-economic resource of human identification becomes counterproductive when politicized to the extent that it obstructs the free growth and wellbeing of any person and once used against people, which is visible in the case of Others or all non-constitutive peoples of B&H. The class consciousness of the ethnonationalist entrepreneurs – be they Bosniak, Serb, or Croat – is identical in everyday’s practice. Model of the ethnonationalist entrepreneurship operates uniformly regardless the ethnic and political divisions in every corner of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

We have witnessed such tendencies, observing how the feeling of ethnic belonging grows in times of economic crisis, regardless of how irrelevant it might have been in a given situation. A person’s response to situations in which various identities in relation to social roles might be activated, or in situations when those identities overlap or conflict, depends a lot on the complexity and salience of a person’s Study and Conceptualization of Ethnic Identity 33 identity. Studies of the concept of social identity complexity proved that individuals develop many layers of identifications, and, based on the level of overlapping of those identities and some other determinants, a person is motivated to keep the structure simple or complex (Roccas and Brewer, 2002).

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