Altering Nature: Volume One: Concepts of ‘Nature’ and ‘The by B. Andrew Lustig, Baruch A. Brody, Gerald P. McKenny

By B. Andrew Lustig, Baruch A. Brody, Gerald P. McKenny (auth.), B. Andrew Lustig, Baruch A. Brody, Gerald P. McKenny (eds.)

The volumes of changing Nature reflect on the complicated ways in which options of 'nature' and 'the normal' are understood and the relevance of these understandings to discussions of biotechnology. quantity One, thoughts of 'Nature' and 'The normal' in Biotechnology Debates, deals nuanced bills of the ways in which nature is invoked and interpreted, either descriptively and prescriptively, by way of diversified disciplines, together with views from spirituality and faith, philosophy, technological know-how and medication, legislations and economics, and aesthetics. within the context of that huge dialogue, quantity , faith, Biotechnology, and Public coverage, experiences contemporary spiritual and moral analyses of 4 particular components of biotechnology: assisted copy, genetic treatment and enhancement, human-machine incorporation, and biodiversity. It identifies and explores the richer normative subject matters that tell specific debates and indicates ways in which coverage offerings in biotechnology might be illuminated by way of devoting larger realization to spiritual views.

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Additional resources for Altering Nature: Volume One: Concepts of ‘Nature’ and ‘The Natural’ in Biotechnology Debates

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With this clarification of the general position of Hinduism, we now follow the theme of nature as the body of God in diverse Hindu texts. Among the Vedic hymns 1 Spiritual and Religious Concepts of Nature 25 on cosmic order, one particularly notable one describes the origin of the universe from a primeval sacrifice, in which the male Purusha, a cosmic being, makes a sacrificial offering of himself. By highlighting the universality of Purusha and his role as cosmic sacrifice, the “ritual sacrifice performed on earth by a priestly class eventually was translated into terms of cosmological significance by a process identifying microcosmic with macrocosmic elements” (deBary, 1958, 13).

Finally, in the context of justice in health care, questions about the distribution of benefits (and burdens) of new forms of biotechnology provide a broader context for the assessment of particular developments. Judaism understands the provision of health care as a responsibility of the community, a commitment that “flows from traditional values and practices of tzedakah – a word meaning justice and referring to support for poor people” (Mackler, 2003, 194). In the context of justice, the tension to be negotiated is the need to “balance applications of [new technologies] with the legitimate right of a private company to make a profit on its efforts to develop and market these applications” (Dorff, 2000, C-4).

L. Mackler et al. of moral discourse whose modern iterations developed in close connection with modern technology. However, these advantages are offset by the difficulty of characterizing in a few paragraphs the complexity and the sheer volume of material relevant to our topic in these traditions, especially in the cases of Judaism and Christianity, but increasingly in the case of Islam as well. 1 Judaism Ethical values lie at the heart of Judaism and are central to all aspects of Jewish life. The core concepts of Judaism are “God; Torah, or ‘Teaching’; and the community of Israel, the Jewish people” (Mackler, 2003, 44).

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