A History of Iran: Empire of the Mind (Revised & Updated by Michael Axworthy

By Michael Axworthy

Iran is a land of contradictions.

It is an Islamic republic, yet one during which in basic terms 1.4 percentage of the inhabitants attend Friday prayers. Iran's spiritual tradition encompasses the main censorious and dogmatic Shi'a Muslim clerics on the planet, but its poetry insistently dwells at the joys of existence: wine, good looks, intercourse. Iranian girls are topic to at least one of the main restrictive costume codes within the Islamic global, yet make up approximately 60 percentage of the coed inhabitants of the nation's universities.

In A background of Iran, acclaimed historian Michael Axworthy chronicles the wealthy historical past of this advanced kingdom from the Achaemenid Empire of 6th century B.C. to the present-day Islamic Republic. In enticing prose, this revised version explains the army, political, spiritual, and cultural forces that experience formed one of many oldest carrying on with civilizations on the earth, bringing us up glossy instances. Concluding with an overview of the sizeable adjustments the state has gone through because the revolution in 1979, together with a detailed examine Iran's ongoing makes an attempt to turn into a nuclear strength, A background of Iran bargains basic readers an important consultant to figuring out this risky state, that is once more on the middle of the world's consciousness.

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His aim had always been to bring Israel to a safe port, but like Moses, he was not to reach that Promised Land. And although peace with the Arabs was by no means promised, Ben Gurion still hoped that the nuclear infrastructure laid down by him and his aides would be a safe guarantee against any Arab drive to destroy the country of Israel, and that by achieving a nuclear option, a balance of terror would be created in the Middle East, thus leading to peace. But the developments that were to follow put an end to such hopes.

This description is based on a number of sources, the most important of which is the excellent account of the affair by Shlomo Nakdimon, Tammuz in Flames (Hebrew; Tel-Aviv: Idanim, 1993). This is a new and updated version of Nakdimon’s book of 1986, which was published in English under the title First Strike (New York: Summit Books, 1987). Combined with numerous articles in professional journals and the daily press, as well as talks I conducted with intelligence and military officers who were involved in the preparation of the operation and the pilots who carried it out, the following constitutes an updated supplement to the 1982 edition of Two Minutes over Baghdad.

In the Jordanian valley, as well as in the occupied territories, the PLO was the IDF’s main enemy. Neither in conventional war nor in a struggle of attrition did the Arabs succeed in achieving their aim, the IDF had many casualties, but Israel did not give up the new territories it had acquired in the 1967 war.

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