An Introduction to Political Philosophy by A. R. M. Murray

By A. R. M. Murray

First released in 1953, this seminal advent to political philosophy is meant for either the scholar of political conception and for the final reader. After an creation and is the reason the character and function of philosophy, Dr Murray presents a serious exam of the primary theories complex by way of political philosophers from Plato to Marx, paying specific awareness to modern issues.

The e-book additionally attempts to outline the basic problems with philosophical importance in modern politics, with targeted connection with the clash among political authority and person rights, and to teach how different ethical assumptions underlying authoritarian and democratic platforms of presidency are eventually dependent upon varied theories of common sense.

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An Introduction to Political Philosophy

First released in 1953, this seminal creation to political philosophy is meant for either the scholar of political thought and for the final reader. After an advent and is the reason the character and goal of philosophy, Dr Murray offers a severe exam of the primary theories complex via political philosophers from Plato to Marx, paying detailed cognizance to modern concerns.

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The argument of the Politics is not by any means consistent, and scholars attribute this to the fact that it was probably composed over a period of time during which the influence of Plato's teaching on Aristotle's thinking became weaker. C. Finally, the hypothesis suggests that Book I was written last of all and intended as a general introduction to the whole treatise. It is certainly true that in Books 1 2 A History ofPolitical Theory, p. 90. Aristotle (1923). 38 An Introduction to Political Philosophy H, HI, VII, and VIE Aristotle is more interested in describing an Ideal State; whereas in Books IV-VI he assumes that the political ideal varies from state to state and argues that the duty of government is to realize that political ideal as completely as possible whatever form it may take.

Plato's Theory of the Ideal State 3 5 ground that they are based upon the relationship of eternal Forms. If this were not the case he would not regard morality as a possible object of knowledge. It is, he thinks, a possible object of knowledge for those who have been suitably trained just because the goodness of a thing is determined by the Form of the Good, and its goodness can therefore be recognized by those who are acquainted with that Form, or whose knowledge issuesfromit 2 Now it must be conceded that, even if moral propositions are a priori, there may not be any way of demonstrating this truth to anyone who fails to recognize it.

But Plato rejects it for the reasons noted in the preceding chapter, and goes on to examine what he regards as a much more plausible and dangerous theory. The Theory of Glaucon and Adeimantus The new theory is expounded by Glaucon and Adeimantus, although they make it clear that they do not accept it and are advancing it mainly in order to be satisfied by Socrates that it is false. It is the theory that virtue is based on expediency, that men are really selfinterested but that they appreciate that they will advance their interests more effectively by respecting moral principles than by ignoring them.

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