A Colonial Complex: South Carolina's Frontiers in the Era of by Steven J. Oatis

By Steven J. Oatis

In 1715 the upstart British colony of South Carolina was once approximately destroyed in an unforeseen clash with a lot of its Indian friends, so much significantly the Yamasees, a bunch whose sovereignty had develop into more and more threatened. The South Carolina defense force retaliated again and again until eventually, via 1717, the Yamasees have been approximately annihilated, and their survivors fled to Spanish Florida. The struggle not just despatched surprise waves all through South Carolina's executive, economic climate, and society, but additionally had a profound impression on colonial and Indian cultures from the Atlantic Coast to the Mississippi River.Drawing on a various variety of colonial files, A Colonial complicated builds on contemporary advancements in frontier background and depicts the Yamasee struggle as a part of a colonial complicated: a extensive development of alternate that associated the Southeast’s Indian, African, and eu cultures through the overdue 17th and early eighteenth centuries. within the first distinct research of this significant clash, Steven J. Oatis indicates the results of South Carolina’s competitive imperial growth at the problems with frontier exchange, strive against, and international relations, viewing them not just from the viewpoint of English South Carolinians but in addition from that of the societies that handled the South Carolinians either at once and in a roundabout way. Readers will locate new info at the deerskin alternate, the Indian slave exchange, imperial competition, frontier army procedure, and the most important alterations within the cultural panorama of the early colonial Southeast. (20060223)

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Extra info for A Colonial Complex: South Carolina's Frontiers in the Era of the Yamasee War, 1680-1730

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Removal of the stubborn Cardross gave them free access to the Yamasees, who were now more willing than ever to cling to the security offered by the English. The surviving South Carolina traders had no reason to mourn the passing of the Scottish colony, especially at a time when their situation along other frontiers appeared so promising. 63 Indian Resistance in Apalachicola As Guale became a lost cause, Spanish authorities shifted much of their concern to Florida’s remaining provinces, where the possibility of foreign incursions seemed to pose an even greater threat to Spanish interests.

Some of this trade occurred in Saint Augustine, Florida’s only colonial settlement of any note. Jonathan Dickinson, an Englishman shipwrecked on the coast of Florida in the early 1690s, learned that one of his Indian captors had visited the town and had been thrilled to receive a mirror, an axe, two knives, and six pounds of tobacco in exchange for five pounds of ambergris. 27 Most of the direct trade, however, transpired along the Gulf Coast near present-day Apalachicola, where Spanish smugglers from Havana, seeking to avoid cumbersome customs duties, established a clandestine trade with the Indians beginning about 1640.

1pt Pg ——— Normal Pa PgEnds: TE [33], (22) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 from South Carolina plantations in the 1680s, many English slave owners were quick to place the blame on the Spanish. Though they found it troubling enough that the Spanish raids of 1686 had taken eleven of their governor’s slaves, South Carolina planters were even more alarmed to find that more of their slaves were winding up in Florida on their own initiative.

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