Simpler Syntax by Peter W. Culicover

By Peter W. Culicover

This groundbreaking ebook bargains a brand new and compelling point of view at the constitution of human language. the basic factor it addresses is the correct stability among syntax and semantics, among constitution and derivation, and among rule platforms and lexicon. It argues that the stability struck through mainstream generative grammar is incorrect. It places ahead a brand new foundation for syntactic concept, drawing on a variety of frameworks, and charts new instructions for examine.
some time past 4 a long time, theories of syntactic constitution became extra summary, and syntactic derivations became ever extra complicated. Peter Culicover and Ray Jackendoff hint this improvement during the historical past of latest syntactic concept, displaying how a lot it's been pushed by means of theory-internal instead of empirical concerns. They increase an alternate that's conscious of linguistic, cognitive, computational, and organic issues.

Simpler Syntax is addressed to linguists of all persuasions. it's going to even be of imperative curiosity to these concerned about language in psychology, human biology, evolution, computational technology, and synthetic intelligence.

Show description

Read Online or Download Simpler Syntax PDF

Best semantics books

Simpler Syntax

This groundbreaking booklet deals a brand new and compelling viewpoint at the constitution of human language. the basic factor it addresses is the correct stability among syntax and semantics, among constitution and derivation, and among rule platforms and lexicon. It argues that the stability struck through mainstream generative grammar is incorrect.

Key Terms in Semantics

Covers the most important phrases, innovations, thinkers and texts in semantics that scholars in linguistics and language stories will stumble upon.

Poststructuralist Discourse Analysis: Subjectivity in Enunciative Pragmatics (Postdisciplinary Studies in Discourse)

This booklet offers advancements of discourse research in France and applies its instruments to key texts from 5 theorists of structuralism: Lacan, Althusser, Foucault, Derrida and Sollers. It can pay designated realization to enunciative pragmatics as a poststructuralist procedure which analyzes the discursive development of subjectivity.

Additional info for Simpler Syntax

Example text

Hence it doesn’t make sense to list the full VPs as idioms like kick the bucket. What are the alternatives? As in X’s heart out, it proves syntactically and semantically difficult to derive these from underlying structures in which the verb licenses all the complements of VP (see references cited in ex. (26)). And a derivation by ‘‘lexical rule’’ subverts the fundamental role of syntax in forming free phrasal combinations. Moreover, since some verbs can appear in several of these constructions, the ‘‘lexical’’ solution is forced to say, for instance, that the lexicon contains not only the verb laugh but also the productively derived ‘‘idioms’’ laugh X’s head off, laugh X’s heart out, laugh X’s way, laugh NP[time] away, and laugh Xself into a stupor.

35 verb is free within semantic limits—as long as it is intransitive. Hence it doesn’t make sense to list the full VPs as idioms like kick the bucket. What are the alternatives? As in X’s heart out, it proves syntactically and semantically difficult to derive these from underlying structures in which the verb licenses all the complements of VP (see references cited in ex. (26)). And a derivation by ‘‘lexical rule’’ subverts the fundamental role of syntax in forming free phrasal combinations. Moreover, since some verbs can appear in several of these constructions, the ‘‘lexical’’ solution is forced to say, for instance, that the lexicon contains not only the verb laugh but also the productively derived ‘‘idioms’’ laugh X’s head off, laugh X’s heart out, laugh X’s way, laugh NP[time] away, and laugh Xself into a stupor.

In such cases, syntactic structure will be constrained, not by internal conditions, but rather by the necessity to interface properly with meaning—what Chomsky (1995) 9 We note, however, that there is a strand of research on language acquisition in the generative tradition that presumes that the learner’s strictly syntactic experience triggers the setting of parametric values of grammatical principles or structures; for discussion and criticism, see Fodor (1998; 2001), Culicover (1999), and many others.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.17 of 5 – based on 3 votes