By J. Angermuller
This ebook offers advancements of discourse research in France and applies its instruments to key texts from 5 theorists of structuralism: Lacan, Althusser, Foucault, Derrida and Sollers. It will pay distinct realization to enunciative pragmatics as a poststructuralist strategy which analyzes the discursive development of subjectivity.
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This ebook provides advancements of discourse research in France and applies its instruments to key texts from 5 theorists of structuralism: Lacan, Althusser, Foucault, Derrida and Sollers. It will pay specified awareness to enunciative pragmatics as a poststructuralist method which analyzes the discursive development of subjectivity.
Additional resources for Poststructuralist Discourse Analysis: Subjectivity in Enunciative Pragmatics (Postdisciplinary Studies in Discourse)
He who speaks does not understand only (by) himself. Finally, radical-pragmatic theories of enunciation usually draw from theories of speech acts or conversational maxims. As opposed to structural or logical-semantic approaches, they generally focus directly on the enunciation and its linguistic contexts. Unlike the afore-mentioned strands, where the discursive events correlate with certain linguistic forms, these theories of Anglo-American provenance postulate the possibility of a direct access to event, action and situation (as in symbolic interactionism, conversation analysis or Goffman).
Authier-Revuz examines the ways in which language reflectively comments upon itself in ‘enunciative loops’ (boucles énonciatives) by means of which language attempts to become one with itself. Enunciative loops are introduced in various ways, for example through formulae such as that is …, not to mention x, or in terms of x, by quotation marks designating reported speech, or by retrospective attempts to clear up things said elsewhere: Through these disjunctions—through which everything that marks the disunity of communication: non-comprehension, uneasiness, lack, misunderstanding, ambivalence—‘language recalls itself’, in its reality, to its speaker; and simultaneously […] ‘the speaker recalls language’; his enunciation appears hollowed out in these points by a distance between the observer and the observed object, which establishes the speaker—who is no longer ‘one’ with his words—in a state of non-coincidence with the words he enunciates.
Thus, deictics like I, here and now—Jakobson’s shifters (1995: 388)—refer to a context of enunciation which they ‘engage’ (embrayer in the mechanical sense of clutch, as a gear engages a motor)—a context which delivers the required contextual information about the locutor and its spatial and temporal position. According to Benveniste, the texts that operate with deictic marks of enunciation belong to the register of ‘discourse’ (discours), and texts without deictic marks belong to ‘history’ or ‘report’ (histoire) (cf.