Encyclopedia of Buddhism, Volumes 1-2 by Robert E. Buswell Jr.

By Robert E. Buswell Jr.

Supplying a complete evaluation of 1 of Asia's most crucial non secular and social forces, the Encyclopedia of Buddhism describes the Buddhist international view, simple teachings and practices of Buddhism, in addition to its varied colleges and sects. as well as containing entries on Buddhist scriptures, paintings, structure, saints, demons, monastic orders, gala's, rites and ceremonies, this 2-vol. set explores the historical past of Buddhism, the various varieties it has taken in numerous elements of the realm, and the way Buddhism has mixed with different religions like Shinto, Confucianism, Daoism and Christianity.

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Encyclopedia of Buddhism, Volumes 1-2

Delivering a entire review of 1 of Asia's most vital non secular and social forces, the Encyclopedia of Buddhism describes the Buddhist global view, simple teachings and practices of Buddhism, in addition to its assorted faculties and sects. as well as containing entries on Buddhist scriptures, artwork, structure, saints, demons, monastic orders, fairs, rites and ceremonies, this 2-vol.

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Extra info for Encyclopedia of Buddhism, Volumes 1-2

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Contaminants (anus´aya) 6. Path of Religious Praxis and Religious Persons (margapudgala) 7. Knowledge (jñana) • Recollection of previous habitations (purvanivasanusmrti; Pali pubbenivasanusati), the ability to remember one’s former existences from one to thousands of rebirths, through the evolution and destruction of many world systems; 8. Meditative States (samapatti) 9. Person (pudgala) The ninth chapter contains a refutation of the theory of the existence of the person and may represent a separate treatise by Vasubandhu, appended to the remainder of the Abhidharmakos´a.

Pruden, Abhidharmakos´abhas yam, Vols. 1–4. Berkeley, CA: Asian Humanities Press, 1988–1990. COLLETT COX ABHI JÑA (HIGHER KNOWLEDGES) Abhijña (Pali, abhiñña; higher knowledge) refers to a stereotyped set of typically six spiritual powers ascribed to buddhas and their chief disciples. The first five are mundane and attainable through the perfection of concentration (samadhi) in meditative trance (dhyana; Pali, jhana). As earthly attainments, they are deemed available to non-Buddhist sages. In contrast, the sixth higher knowledge is supramundane and exclusively Buddhist, and attainable only through insight (vipas´yana; Pali, vipassana) into the Buddhist truths.

Composed in verse with an accompanying prose auto-commentary, these texts function as summary digests of all aspects of the teaching presented according to a logical and nonrepetitive structure. In contrast to the earlier numerically guided taxonomic lists well-suited as mnemonic aids, these texts adopt a new method of organization, attempting to subsume the prior taxonomic lists and all discussion of specific doctrinal points under general topical sections. This new organizational structure was to become paradigmatic for the texts of the final period of Sarvastivada abhidharma.

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