An Outline of Psychology as Applied to Medicine by John Weinman

By John Weinman

* completely revised to mirror the key advancements within the box of psychology as utilized to drugs and the emergence of 'health psychology' as a considerable speciality * New issues were further together with sections on counselling, cognitive techniques to therapy * The references within the textual content and for additional studying were up to date and revised * a large yet short evaluate of psychology as utilized to medication * presents a place to begin & framework for clinical scholars

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O n the other h a n d , the neurological disorders of memory outlined below can currently be m o r e readily described and understood in terms of damage to particular memory stores. Thus an outline of the more conventional three-stage model now follows. b. A three-stage memory model T h e majority of experimental psychologists appear to accept that a three-stage model provides the best current description of memory processes. This is based on the evidence that there seem to be three distinct types of memory store for processing information and these are shown diagrammatically in Fig.

Disorders of memory Specific m e m o r y deficits are seen most strikingly in patients with localized brain damage and these are briefly described below. Memory impairment, particularly of short-term storage, is also seen in patients with generalized organic dementia and is usually the first of the cognitive functions to decline (Chapter 9). Anxiety has also been shown to disrupt short-term memory and a number of psychiatric patients have been described as showing 'hysterical amnesia' (a selective or sometimes total memory loss for past events which has a psychological rather than a neurological basis).

Sensory stores These are large-capacity stores which hold sensory information in a relatively unprocessed form for very brief durations. Experimental evidence indicates that separate auditory and visual peripheral stores exist and which are often referred to as 'echoic' and 'iconic' memory respectively. These stores are described as 'precategorical' in that they appear to hold a representation of a stimulus in a physical form. Thus subjects can select information from the sensory stores on the basis of physical characteristics such as the spatial position and colour but not in terms of the meaning.

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