By Stephen Garrard Post, Visit Amazon's Lynn G. Underwood Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Lynn G. Underwood, , Jeffrey Schloss, William B. Hurlbut
The concept that of altruism, or disinterested trouble for another's welfare, has been mentioned by means of each person from theologians to psychologists to biologists. during this publication, evolutionary, neurological, developmental, mental, social, cultural, and non secular elements of altruistic habit are tested. it's a collaborative exam of 1 of humanity's crucial and defining features through popular researchers from a variety of disciplines. Their integrative discussion illustrates that altruistic habit is an important mode of expression that may be studied by means of a number of scholarly tools and understood from numerous views in either the arts and the sciences. Altruism and Altruistic Love establishes a framework for scholarship on altruism by means of offering definitions, a old evaluation, a evaluate of latest study, and debates in a number of disciplines, in addition to a dialogue of instructions for destiny work.
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Extra info for Altruism & Altruistic Love: Science, Philosophy & Religion in Dialogue
The prisoners’ dilemma seems paradoxical because it shows how this connection between rationality and doing well is not inevitable. After the prisoners’ dilemma was invented at the RAND Corporation in 1950,1 it was used to model a number of real-world social dilemmas. One of them was the question of whether the United States should continue to stockpile nuclear weapons in its cold war arms race with the Soviet Union. S. S. disarms arms disarms Second Best arms Fourth Best Best Third Best The best outcome for the United States would be for it to arm itself and for the USSR not to; although armaments cost money, this cost would be more than compensated for by the power the United States would obtain.
Thomas S. Ray, the developer of Tierra, contends, “There is no connection between the Tierran world and the real physical world. I have created a virtual universe that is self-contained” (Ray, 1996, p. 12). It may be argued that computers can only do what their programs enable them to do but cannot generate mutations or novel animal behavior. However, it is now claimed that, if sufﬁciently powerful, computers are unpredictable. Langton writes, “It is impossible to determine any non-trivial property of the future behavior of a sufﬁciently powerful computer from a mere inspection of its program and its initial state.
It may be argued that computers can only do what their programs enable them to do but cannot generate mutations or novel animal behavior. However, it is now claimed that, if sufﬁciently powerful, computers are unpredictable. Langton writes, “It is impossible to determine any non-trivial property of the future behavior of a sufﬁciently powerful computer from a mere inspection of its program and its initial state. The only way to determine phenotype changes is to run the program” (1996, p. 58). The Body of Altruism For the alterity-altruist, the body of the other as other is not the body understood as the coded information that governs its form and behaviors, nor even as the body as given in ordinary experience.