By Kenneth M. Setton, Norman P. Zacour, Harry W. Hazard
The six volumes of A heritage of the Crusades will stand because the definitive heritage of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of knowledge and research of the heritage, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval international.
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Extra resources for A History of the Crusades, Volume V: The impact of the crusades on the Near East
IU, 31-33. 83 . lld. Janine Sourdel·TI>omlne (Damascus, 1953). 84. Sarton, op. , 11·1, 413-414. 24 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES v In natural history, Arab fondness for precious stones and interest in the occult qualities of minerals prompted the production of many lapidaries. Their scientists' best efforts, however, were devoted to the study of plants for medicinal purposes. Their interest in antidotes remained undiminished, and in this they were able to make a definite contribution to knowledge during the twelfth century.
I ARAB CULTURE IN THE TWELFTH CBKTIIRY 25 property. 88 ln this respect the work may be considered among the earliest Arabic treatises on economics, although it draws on the 'Jim tadbir al-manzi/, the Arabic version of a Greek work on domestic economy, ascribed to the Pythagorean Bryson. Although the illustrious names of Arab medical lore belong to an earlier period, the Arabs of the twelfth century retained their interest in the art of medicine (¥Jn~'ah) and maintained their superiority over others in its practice.
117. ' .. 26 A BISI'ORY OF THE C RUSADES v mors of the body, and familiar with the various diseases to which man is susceptible and with the medicines which should be prescribed for each. Similar conditions were requi red of oculists (sing. lilq (d. 873). Bone-setters were required to know the exact number of bones in the human body and the shape and form of each. " The tradition of caring for the sick in hospitals supported by endowments, which goes back to the ninth century, was continued, especially by the two Zengids and Saladin.