By Frank Dumont
Frank Dumont offers present character psychology with a clean description of its present prestige in addition to its clients. Play, intercourse, food, creativity, altruism, pets, grieving rituals, and different oft-neglected subject matters expand the scope of this interesting learn. This tract is imbued with old views that exhibit the continuity within the evolving technological know-how and study of this self-discipline over the last century. the writer areas vintage schemas and constructs, in addition to present ideas, within the context in their socio-political catalysts. He additional relates this examine of the individual to life-span developmental matters and to cultural, gender-specific, trait-based, genetic/epigenetic, and evolutionary learn findings. character psychology has lately reconciled itself to extra modest paradigms for describing, explaining, and predicting human behaviour than it generated within the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. This booklet records that transformation, supplying beneficial details for health-service execs in addition to to lecturers, researchers, and scientists.
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Extra resources for A History of Personality Psychology: Theory, Science, and Research from Hellenism to the Twenty-First Century
599). Chaucer’s work ([c. 1386] 1990) is ﬁlled with vivid, brilliant, but often subtle personality proﬁles of characters who are mostly career-designated. The miller, the knight, the prioress, the physician, the merchant, the wife, and the clerk – the characters of all of these individuals were described with humor and insight. The cook, for example, describes: A prentice living in our town Worked in the victualling trade, and he was brown, Brown as a berry: spruce and short he stood, As gallant as a goldﬁnch in the wood.
This, of course, was an anatomical capability that women did not enjoy. The renunciation of this pleasure purchased numerous beneﬁts: the use of ﬁre for practical purposes such as cooking, heating, glazing pottery, and smelting ore. Just as daring was his view that females invented clothing because they wanted to hide their lack of a penis. Freud went further and suggested that women’s pubic hair inspired the invention of weaving (1933, as cited in Ellenberger, 1970). 2 From illness to wellness models of human nature Science … is a creative human activity, its geniuses acting more as artists than as information processors.
One dominant stream of thought – human beings as complex machines – arose from the work of the seventeenth-century physiologist, William Harvey, as Pinker (1997) reminds us. Harvey revealed the complex nature of the circulatory system that distributes blood throughout the body. 16 The heart as pump became a cognitive heuristic for understanding the nature of the human body as well as a model for industrial advances. The most celebrated work in this tradition was the counterdualist book by the physician Julien de la Mettrie (1709–51) titled, Man a Machine.