A Grammar of Nzadi [B865]: A Bantu language of Democratic by Thera Marie Crane, Larry M. Hyman, Simon Nsielanga Tukumu

By Thera Marie Crane, Larry M. Hyman, Simon Nsielanga Tukumu

This booklet provides the 1st documentation of Nzadi, a Bantu language spoken by way of fishermen alongside the Kasai River within the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). it's the made of huge learn by way of the authors and contributors in box equipment and staff research classes on the college of California, Berkeley, and involves ten chapters protecting the segmental phonology, tone approach, morphology, and sentence constitution, via appendices at the Nzadi humans and background and on Proto-Bantu to Nzadi sound adjustments. additionally incorporated are 3 texts and a lexicon of over 1100 entries, together with a few fish species. ahead of this paintings, Nzadi had no longer even been pointed out within the literature, and at present nonetheless has no access as a language or dialect within the Ethnologue. Of specific curiosity within the learn of Nzadi is its huge grammatical simplification, leading to constructions rather varied from these of canonical Bantu languages. even if Nzadi has misplaced many of the inherited agglutinative morphology, there are nonetheless recognizable classification prefixes on nouns and a reflex of noun type contract in genitive structures. different components of specific curiosity are human/number contract, tense-aspect-mood marking, non-subject relative clause buildings, and WH query formation. This succinct, yet accomplished grammar offers wide assurance of the phonological, grammatical and semantic houses that would be of strength curiosity not just to Bantuists, Africanists and people attracted to this region of the DRC, but in addition to typologists, normal linguists, and scholars of linguistics.

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Extra info for A Grammar of Nzadi [B865]: A Bantu language of Democratic Republic of Congo (UC Publications in Linguistics)

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1, /é/ conditions a specific set of tonal changes that requires that a preceding LH stem be simplified to L, hence merging with stems which are underlyingly /L/. e. H-LH-L ! 25] /mi ê bva + é/ /mi ê dììr + ´/ /mi ê sçnka + ´/ ! ! sç@nka ‘I am falling’ ‘I am watching’ ‘I am writing’ (< é sç&nka) As seen, the progressive is characterized by a HL /ê/ marker preposed to the verb + a H tone suffix which combines to make a LH rising tone on the root syllable. 3). As expected /ê/ undergoes absorption before the L of the verb stem.

Okal okpâ ~ okal ókpa ‘the place of the salt’. g. etaar ‘bridge’ ! okal etáàr ~ okal étaar ‘place of the bridge’. 3. Verb Tones ‘gorilla’ ‘mud’ ‘Sakata person’ ‘root’ okal sókamunt okal e pç@tpçt okal osákata okal é ntsumbûl ‘place of the gorilla’ ‘place of the mud’ ‘place of Sakata person’ ‘place of the root’ The tones on verb stems vary considerably by tense, aspect, and mood, which are treated separately in Chapter 7. In this section we will consider the basic tonal possibilities on verb stems, which bears on the issue of whether it is the syllable or the mora that is the tonebearing unit.

If analyzed as vowel sequences, this would produce the The Sound System 25 representations o-liaa and ondíE@E@ with three vowels in the same syllable, a sequence that doesn’t otherwise exist. In addition, if interpreted as glides, we can explain the absence of /wy/ and /yw/ as a prohibition of glide sequences. Note that the sequence [wi] is not found, while [yu] is: o-yûp ‘to ask (for)’, iyûr ‘family’. g. NC. As such, NC can be considered a complex onset. 23]. )’ ‘Mbuun people’ ‘morning’ ‘umbrella’ ‘flower’ ‘gun’ ‘island’ ‘idiot’ ‘owl’ ‘tobacco’ ‘flea, jigger’ ‘lizard’ cf.

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