By Clark Spencer Larsen
An intensive review of the speedily turning out to be box of organic anthropology; chapters are written via top students who've themselves performed a big position in shaping the course and scope of the self-discipline. <ul type="disc"> * broad evaluate of the quickly transforming into box of organic anthropology * Larsen has created a who’s who of organic anthropology, with contributions from the best experts within the box * Contributing authors have performed a tremendous function in shaping the path and scope of the themes they write approximately * bargains discussions of present concerns, controversies, and destiny instructions in the zone * offers assurance of the various contemporary concepts and discoveries which are remodeling the topic
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Extra resources for A Companion to Biological Anthropology (Blackwell Companions to Anthropology)
Much of the scientific activity during this period was taking place in Europe, particularly in England, France, and Germany. Charles R. Darwin’s (1809–82) publication of the Origin of Species in 1859 and his ideas about evolution brought about changes within the community of ethnologists and physical anthropologists. ). The former was represented by ethnologists and Darwinian evolutionists (including Alfred Wallace (1823–1913), Thomas Huxley (1825–95), John Lubbock (1834–1913), and E. B. Tylor (1832–1917)), while the latter was characterized by interests in craniology and race, by a resistance to evolution, and by widespread support for polygenist views (Stocking 1987).
The appearance of the Homo lineage is the foundation for all of the anatomical and behavioral developments linked with humans and humanness (see Rightmire, 6 CLARK SPENCER LARSEN Chapter 19). Beginning with brain expansion, reduction in tooth size and in the masticatory complex, and appearance of increasingly complex tools, the course is set for the eventual domination achieved by humans over most of the landscapes they occupy. Soon following the appearance of Homo erectus in Africa, hominins migrate out of Africa to Asia and Europe.
2006: 7; Shapiro 1959). g. Benjamin Franklin), and the one most closely linked to physical anthropology was Samuel Stanhope Smith (1751–1819). Smith was on the faculty of Princeton University and later became president of this institution. His view of human diversity was one according to which all groups are members of the same species, having continuous variation and being subjected to environmental modification. 14 MICHAEL A. LITTLE AND ROBERT W. SUSSMAN This view was similar to that of Blumenbach’s, but differed from the ‘fixed-race’ (and even ‘separate species’) typologies of many of his contemporaries.